Applications of golden Ratio in Ancient Art and Architecture

Mona Lisa

Mona Lisa

Check out  parent post : The Golden Ratio, Fibonacci series and their applications.

Interestingly, the golden ratio is found in various famous ancient arts. The most remarkable in this regard is the famous painting ‘Mona Lisa’ by Leonardo da Vinci. The length:width ratio of the painting is perfectly a golden ratio. More surprisingly, Mona Lisa is made up of three different golden rectangles. In one golden rectangle resides Mona Lisa’s face. The other two golden rectangles can be formed between her neck and her upper hand, and between he neckline of her dress and her bottom hand.

The famous unfinished work of Leonardo da Vinci, ‘St. Jerome’ also fits inside a golden rectangle. Apart from these, other remarkable works of Leonardo da Vinci, like ‘Madonna with Child and Saints’, ‘The Annunciation’

‘Sketch of an Old Man’ etc. bear the signature of the Golden Ratio, if analyzed critically. It is thought that the appearance of the Golden Ratio in Vinci’s work was not an accident, rather the reflection of his wisdom of geometry. Perhaps he tried to define beauty in terms of mathematics and geometry through his remarkable paintings.

Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal

The Golden Ratio is maintained in various ancient architectures as well. Take the example of ‘The Parthenon’ in Greece. If we draw a rectangle from the left-most column to the right-most column, and from the base of the columns to the highest point of the structure, the rectangle will be a Golden Rectangle. Even the rectangles above the pillars in this structure are Golden Rectangles.


Then there is the example of the Great Pyramid of Giza, which was built with the reflection of golden ratio. Base:height:slant height of this structure is exactly l:√φ:φ

There are several other buildings where we can find a reflection of the Golden Number in architecture such as the Notre Dame and Chartres Cathedral in France and India’s very own Taj Mahal.


Also read :  Applications of Golden ratio in Biology and Human Body